If an HIV infection, treatment is primarily aimed at preventing
evolve as long as possible and do not give way to the disease
AIDS . In this case, the treatment is against HIV itself.
If the emergence of AIDS and its accompanying diseases occur as a lung inflammation or bowel, treatment should include them.
It is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle so that theimmune system does not see further harmed. Many infected with HIV also have counseling and self-help centers with other affected.
Currently it has good information about certain steps in single expansion of HIV infection. Thus it has been possible to develop drugs that inhibit certain evolutions of cell infestation.
HIV treatment is also called highly active antiretroviral therapy and its abbreviation is HAART.
Specifically, this treatment includes the following medications:
• The entry inhibitors , which inhibit the entry of HIV virus in human cells. VHI prevent adhesion of immune cells and / or dissolution of the viral envelope with the cell membrane (fusion). The excipient enfuvirtide eg prevents fusion.
• The reverse transcriptase inhibitor blocks a special top virus that can translate the genetic information of the virus (DNA) reverse transcriptase. This group of drugs includes, for example, substances such as lamivudine , the tenofovir or nevirapine .
• Another top virus, integrase, incorporating HIV DNA genetic information translated into immune cells. In this case, inhibitors of this enzyme, apply called integrase inhibitors . The drugraltegravir contains these integrase inhibitors.
• The protease inhibitors destroy other HIV enzyme, the HIV protease. If a cell is infected with HIV, forms a component of protein which could be born new HIV viruses. Protease HIV plays an important role in the composition of this protein. Inhibitors of this enzyme is involved in virus appear less capable of action in affected cells. Examples of protease inhibitors are drugsfosamprenavir , indinavir , nelfinavir and ritonavir .
Although AIDS remains an incurable disease, it may be well with a combination therapy . This combination consists of at least three different drugs; usually several inhibitors of reverse transcriptase which are combined with a protease inhibitor.