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Symptoms of HIV

HIV and AIDS cause various Symptoms. A few weeks after infection with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) can appear symptoms such as swollen lymph nodes and exhaustion. Infected with HIV show no special sintomatía which could indicate that they are infected.

Within the framework of the immunodeficiency disease AIDS, characteristic symptoms appear, as it is an excessive weight loss and permanent diarrhea. However, signals characteristic of AIDS does not exist as such. What may appear are certain typically associated with AIDS.

Signs indicating the HIV and AIDS phase depend on the disease that is the affected. This is important to differentiate between HIV infection and AIDS in the case of HIV infection, the patient has the virus, but only manifests similar to the flu shortly after being contracted and then passed and usually presents more sintomatías. If leads to AIDS, the patient suffers diseases occurring due to a weakened immune defense. These diseases are those that mark the transition from asymptomatic infection to AIDS and HIV are called AIDS-defining illnesses.

Doctors differentiate three stages of HIV infection and AIDS: stage A, B and C.

The classification of HIV or AIDS in stage A, BC does not provide any information on whether the affected yet have sufficient immune cells (T cells) or not. Further there is a figure indicating the amount of helper T cells that remain in the patient's blood:

1: indicates that there is still enough of helper T cells (more than 500 per microliter of blood).
2: there is still a medium amount of helper T cells (between 200 and 500 per microliter of blood).
3: There are just a few helper T cells (less than 200 per microliter of blood.