AIDS and HIV are not the same. The HIV abbreviation
indicating the pathogen that causes the disease AIDS: the human
immunodeficiency virus. HIV infection can lead, after an evolution
of years in the AIDS disease, immunodeficiency.
The abbreviation AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS English: Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome ). HIV is spread primarily through sexual intercourse, but can also provoke the blood products infected and used syringes exchanged among drug addicts.
The person infected with HIV is called HIV positive and AIDS can get sick later. After days or months of being infected with HIV, there may be an acute HIV disease. The symptomsresemble those of influenza infection and seem to disappear after a few days or weeks. Then the person can be years or even decades without any discomfort.
The transmission of HIV can occur in various ways:
• Sexually .
• By infected syringes, as when the drug addicts to inject objects exchanged.
• For blood products and medical devices not disinfected.
Talking about AIDS infection is wrong with strict sense, since what is transmitted is the HIV virus (HIV) which need not always lead to AIDS.
To determine if an infection of HIV , you can perform the so-called HIV test . This is an antibody test: in the event that there are antibodies against the HIV virus in the blood , it is assumed that also HIV virus in the body, so the test is positive. Hence the idea of saying someone is "HIV positive" arises.For safe test result, should have happened, after possible infection, at least three months prior to take Pap smear. This is the time about need the body to create antibodies to try it. In the language of the street is often referred to HIV testing as evidence of AIDS, which is not correct, because the test does not determine the AIDS disease but merely makes it clear that what is in the body are virus antibodies HIV.
In the subsequent development of an HIV infection itself may increase the characteristic symptoms in certain circumstances give way to the eruption of AIDS. If AIDS is very clear, affected obviously lose weight, suffer more frequently infectious diseases that a healthy person may develop certain forms of cancer that are typical and characteristic of AIDS (so-called AIDS indicator diseases).
AIDS is a disease with a chronic course. Advances in research has succeeded in turning this disease into a chronic process, thanks to new drugs that prevent the virus from spreading through the body, thus delaying the onset of AIDS . Therefore, the disease is treatable although not curable .
AIDS and HIV define different states:
• AIDS is the abbreviation of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
• HIV is HIV.
HIV is the pathogen of AIDS. An infection with the HIV virus, HIV, can lead to years in an immunodeficient AIDS. It is considered that a person is HIV positive when you have the HIV virus. "Positive" means that there are certain antibodiesin the blood and the body's response to HIV. That is, in this context, "positive" has the meaning of "good".
Last few days to three months finishes later becoming infected with HIV, there may be an acute HIV disease: the clinical picture of the disease resembles an influenza infection , ie a cold . The symptoms of acute HIV disease seem to have disappeared after a few days or weeks, by which the person can continue having it for years and even decades latently without suffering discomfort.
Therefore, HIV infection is rather a chronic rather than an acute life-threatening, at least in countries with good healthcare, that appropriate treatment can lead a normal life with some limitations. AIDS, however, remains a deadly disease . Therefore, today as yesterday, is still very important to take safety measures (such as safe sex, ie use condoms ) to prevent HIV infection and thus AIDS.